Springboard Vocabulary

Week  1

  1. Indignitynoun an affront to one’s dignity or self-esteem
  2. Reproachnoun a mild rebuke or criticism; disgrace or shame; verb express criticism toward
  3. Listlesslyadv. in a listless manner
  4. Bellowsnoun a mechanical device that blows a strong current of air; used to make a fire burn more fiercely or to sound a musical instrument
  5. Mesmerizingadj. attracting and holding interest as if by a spell
  6. Trillnoun a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it; the articulation of a consonant (especially the consonant `r’) with a rapid flutter of the tongue against the palate or uvula; verb pronounce with a trill, of the phoneme `r’; sing or play with trills, alternating with the half note above or below
  7. Arpeggionoun a chord whose notes are played in rapid succession rather than simultaneously
  8. Reverienoun an abstracted state of absorption; absentminded dreaming while awake
  9. Fiasconoun a sudden and violent collapse
  10. Nonchalantlyadv. in an unconcerned manner; in a composed and unconcerned manner

Week 2

  1. Encapsulateverb put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume; enclose in a capsule or other small container
  2. Gallantrynoun polite attentiveness to women; the qualities of a hero or heroine; exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger (especially in battle); courtesy towards women
  3. Haute couturenoun high fashion designing and dressmaking
  4. Transmuteverb alter the nature of (elements); change in outward structure or looks; change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
  5. Temperedadj. adjusted or attuned by adding a counterbalancing element; made hard or flexible or resilient especially by heat treatment
  6. Rhetoricnoun study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking); using language effectively to please or persuade; loud and confused and empty talk; high-flown style; excessive use of verbal ornamentation
  7. Hyphenatedadj. (of words) combined by means of a hyphen to form a unit
  8. Prodigynoun an impressive or wonderful example of a particular quality; an unusually gifted or intelligent (young) person; someone whose talents excite wonder and admiration; a sign of something about to happen
  9. Frenziedadj. affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason; excessively agitated; transported with rage or other violent emotion
  10. Liltingadj. characterized by a buoyant rhythm

Week 3

  1. Precariousadj. affording no ease or reassurance; not secure; beset with difficulties; dangerously insecure; fraught with danger
  2. Intimidatedadj. made timid or fearful as by threats; frightened into submission or compliance
  3. Provincialadj. characteristic of the provinces or their people; of or associated with a province; noun (Roman Catholic Church) an official in charge of an ecclesiastical province acting under the superior general of a religious order; a country person
  4. Monsoonnoun a seasonal wind in southern Asia; blows from the southwest (bringing rain) in summer and from the northeast in winter; any wind that changes direction with the seasons; rainy season in southern Asia when the southwestern monsoon blows, bringing heavy rains
  5. Insularadj. narrowly restricted in outlook or scope; suggestive of the isolated life of an island; relating to or characteristic of or situated on an island
  6. Palpitatingadj. having a slight and rapid trembling motion
  7. Verandanoun a porch along the outside of a building (sometimes partly enclosed)
  8. Wizenedadj. lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness
  9. Derogatoryadj. expressive of low opinion
  10. Predominantlyadv. much greater in number or influence

Week 4

  1. Organdienoun a sheer stiff muslin
  2. Artillerynoun large but transportable armament; an army unit that uses big guns; a means of persuading or arguing
  3. Tautadj. pulled or drawn tight; subjected to great tension; stretched tight
  4. Homelyadj. lacking in physical beauty or proportion; without artificial refinement or elegance; plain and unpretentious; having a feeling of home; cozy and comfortable
  5. Totteringadj. (of structures or institutions) having lost stability; failing or on the point of collapse; unsteady in gait as from infirmity or old age
  6. Tackyadj. (of a glutinous liquid such as paint) not completely dried and slightly sticky to the touch; tastelessly showy
  7. Sidleverb move sideways; move unobtrusively or furtively
  8. Dingyadj. causing dejection; thickly covered with ingrained dirt or soot; (of color) discolored by impurities; not bright and clear
  9. Furtiveadj. marked by quiet and caution and secrecy; taking pains to avoid being observed; secret and sly or sordid
  10. Clabbernoun raw milk that has soured and thickened; verb turn into curds

Week 5

  1. Sarinoun a dress worn primarily by Hindu women; consists of several yards of light material that is draped around the body
  2. Fluiditynoun a changeable quality; the property of flowing easily
  3. Castenoun a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth; (Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; stratified according to ritual purity; social status or position conferred by a system based on class
  4. Scapegoatnoun someone punished for the errors of others
  5. Scrutinynoun a prolonged intense look; the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
  6. Curtailverb place restrictions on; terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end or its full extent
  7. Referendumnoun a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
  8. Facultynoun one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind; the body of teachers and administrators at a school
  9. Tentativeadj. under terms not final or fully worked out or agreed upon; unsettled in mind or opinion
  10. Appropriatedadj. taken without permission or consent especially by public authority

Week 6

  1. Cobblernoun tall sweetened iced drink of wine or liquor with fruit; a person who makes or repairs shoes; made of fruit with rich biscuit dough usually only on top of the fruit
  2. Knavenoun one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a young prince; a deceitful and unreliable scoundrel
  3. Exaltedadj. of high moral or intellectual value; elevated in nature or style
  4. Cullnoun the person or thing that is rejected or set aside as inferior in quality; verb remove something that has been rejected; look for and gather
  5. Vulgaradj. conspicuously and tastelessly indecent; being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language; of or associated with the great masses of people; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste
  6. Shrilladj. of colors that are bright and gaudy; being sharply insistent on being heard; having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones; verb utter a shrill cry
  7. Hinderadj. located at or near the back of an animal; verb put at a disadvantage; be a hindrance or obstacle to; hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
  8. Countenancenoun the appearance conveyed by a person’s face; the human face (`kisser’ and `smiler’ and `mug’ are informal terms for `face’ and `phiz’ is British); formal and explicit approval; verb consent to, give permission
  9. Construeverb make sense of; assign a meaning to
  10. Cogitationnoun attentive consideration and meditation; a carefully considered thought about something

Week 7

  1. Visagenoun the appearance conveyed by a person’s face; the human face (`kisser’ and `smiler’ and `mug’ are informal terms for `face’ and `phiz’ is British)
  2. Puissantadj. powerful
  3. Emulationnoun effort to equal or surpass another; (computer science) technique of one machine obtaining the same results as another; ambition to equal or excel
  4. Interredadj. placed in a grave
  5. Ambitiousadj. having a strong desire for success or achievement; requiring full use of your abilities or resources
  6. Honorableadj. worthy of being honored; entitled to honor and respect; used as a title of respect; not disposed to cheat or defraud; not deceptive or fraudulent; deserving of esteem and respect; adhering to ethical and moral principles
  7. Grievouslyadv. in a grievous manner
  8. Coffernoun a chest especially for storing valuables; an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
  9. Heirnoun a person who is entitled by law or by the terms of a will to inherit the estate of another; a person who inherits some title or office
  10. Bequeathverb leave or give by will after one’s death

Week 8

  1. Barrenadj. incapable of sustaining life; not bearing offspring; completely wanting or lacking; providing no shelter or sustenance; noun an uninhabited wilderness that is worthless for cultivation
  2. Conceitnoun the trait of being unduly vain and conceited; an artistic device or effect; a witty or ingenious turn of phrase; an elaborate poetic image or a far-fetched comparison of very dissimilar things; feelings of excessive pride
  3. Augmentverb enlarge or increase; grow or intensify
  4. Insurrectionnoun organized opposition to authority; a conflict in which one faction tries to wrest control from another
  5. Affabilitynoun a disposition to be friendly and approachable (easy to talk to)
  6. Stoicadj. seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive; pertaining to Stoicism or its followers; noun a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno; someone who is seemingly indifferent to emotions
  7. Salutationnoun word of greeting used to begin a letter; (usually plural) an acknowledgment or expression of good will (especially on meeting); an act of honor or courteous recognition
  8. Perilnoun a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury; a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune; a state of danger involving risk; verb put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position; pose a threat to; present a danger to
  9. Gallantadj. unflinching in battle or action; having or displaying great dignity or nobility; being attentive to women like an ideal knight; lively and spirited; noun a man who is much concerned with his dress and appearance; a man who attends or escorts a woman

Week 9

  1. Driftnoun a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) passageway in a mine; the pervading meaning or tenor; a general tendency to change (as of opinion); something that is heaped up by the wind or by water currents; a force that moves something along; the gradual departure from an intended course due to external influences (as a ship or plane); a process of linguistic change over a period of time; verb be piled up in banks or heaps by the force of wind or a current; be subject to fluctuation; drive slowly and far afield for grazing; cause to be carried by a current; move in an unhurried fashion; vary or move from a fixed point or course; move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment; be in motion due to some air or water current; wander from a direct course or at random; live unhurriedly, irresponsibly, or freely
  2. Anaphoranoun using a pronoun or similar word instead of repeating a word used earlier; repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
  3. Facilitateverb make easier; increase the likelihood of (a response); be of use
  4. Prestigiousadj. exerting influence by reason of high status or prestige; having an illustrious reputation; respected
  5. Soleadj. not divided or shared with others; being the only one; single and isolated from others; noun right-eyed flatfish; many are valued as food; most common in warm seas especially European; the underside of footwear or a golf club; the underside of the foot; lean flesh of any of several flatfish; verb put a new sole on
  6. Attributenoun an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity; a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished; verb attribute or credit to; decide as to where something belongs in a scheme
  7. Progressiveadj. advancing in severity; favoring or promoting reform (often by government action); favoring or promoting progress; (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate increases as the amount of income increases; gradually advancing in extent; noun a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going; a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
  8. Negateverb prove negative; show to be false; make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of; deny the truth of; be in contradiction with
  9. Eloquencenoun powerful and effective language

Week 10

  1. Matriarchnoun a female head of a family or tribe; a feisty older woman with a big bosom (as drawn in cartoons)
  2. Boundadj. confined by bonds; secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form; (usually followed by `to’) governed by fate; confined in the bowels; held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union; headed or intending to head in a certain direction; often used as a combining form as in `college-bound students’; bound by an oath; bound by contract; covered or wrapped with a bandage; noun a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards; the greatest possible degree of something; the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something; a line determining the limits of an area; verb form the boundary of; be contiguous to; place limits on (extent or access); spring back; spring away from an impact; move forward by leaps and bounds
  3. Rendernoun a substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls; verb cause to become; pass down; coat with plastic or cement; give or supply; give back; make over as a return; melt (fat or lard) in order to separate out impurities; restate (words) from one language into another language; bestow; show in, or as in, a picture; give an interpretation or rendition of; to surrender someone or something to another; provide or furnish with
  4. Equineadj. of or belonging to the family Equidae; resembling a horse; noun hoofed mammals having slender legs and a flat coat with a narrow mane along the back of the neck
  5. Stumpnoun (cricket) any of three upright wooden posts that form the wicket; the part of a limb or tooth that remains after the rest is removed; the base part of a tree that remains standing after the tree has been felled; a platform raised above the surrounding level to give prominence to the person on it; verb remove tree stumps from; cause to be perplexed or confounded; travel through a district and make political speeches; walk heavily
  6. Partisanadj. devoted to a cause or party; adhering or confined to a particular sect or denomination or party; noun a pike with a long tapering double-edged blade with lateral projections; 16th and 17th centuries; a fervent and even militant proponent of something; an ardent and enthusiastic supporter of some person or activity
  7. Aviditynoun a positive feeling of wanting to push ahead with something
  8. Clausenoun (grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence; a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)
  9. Tacitadj. indicated by necessary connotation though not expressed directly
  10. Dynastynoun a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family

Week 11

  1. Querulousadj. habitually complaining
  2. Disgruntledadj. in a state of sulky dissatisfaction
  3. Translucentadj. almost transparent; allowing light to pass through diffusely
  4. Resistantadj. impervious to being affected; incapable of absorbing or mixing with; disposed to or engaged in defiance of established authority; relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); able to tolerate environmental conditions or physiological stress
  5. Gelnoun a colloid in a more solid form than a sol; a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects; verb become a gel; apply a styling gel to
  6. Dollopnoun a small measure (usually of food)
  7. Alienationnoun the action of alienating; the action of causing to become unfriendly; (law) the voluntary and absolute transfer of title and possession of real property from one person to another; the feeling of being alienated from other people; separation resulting from hostility
  8. Assimilateverb become similar to one’s environment; make similar; become similar in sound; take (gas, light or heat) into a solution; take up mentally
  9. Dupenoun a person who is tricked or swindled; verb fool or hoax
  10. Pietynoun righteousness by virtue of being pious

Week 12

  1. Sophistrynoun a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone
  2. Rationalizeverb remove irrational quantities from; think rationally; employ logic or reason; structure and run according to rational or scientific principles in order to achieve desired results; weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning
  3. Marginalizeverb relegate to a lower or outer edge, as of specific groups of people
  4. Propagationnoun the spreading of something (a belief or practice) into new regions; the movement of a wave through a medium; the act of producing offspring or multiplying by such production
  5. Inhumaneadj. lacking and reflecting lack of pity or compassion
  6. Patriarchnoun a man who is older and higher in rank than yourself; any of the early biblical characters regarded as fathers of the human race; the male head of family or tribe; title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in Istanbul and Alexandria and Moscow and Jerusalem)
  7. Dichotomynoun being twofold; a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses
  8. Accordnoun sympathetic compatibility; concurrence of opinion; a written agreement between two states or sovereigns; harmony of people’s opinions or actions or characters; verb allow to have; go together
  9. Draconianadj. of or relating to Draco or his harsh code of laws
  10. Sovereignadj. greatest in status or authority or power; (of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces; noun a nation’s ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right

Week 13

  1. Domesticadj. produced in a particular country; of concern to or concerning the internal affairs of a nation; of or involving the home or family; converted or adapted to domestic use; of or relating to the home; noun a servant who is paid to perform menial tasks around the household
  2. Posteritynoun all future generations; all of the offspring of a given progenitor
  3. Disenfranchisementnoun the act of withdrawing certification or terminating a franchise
  4. Dissensionnoun disagreement among those expected to cooperate; a conflict of people’s opinions or actions or characters
  5. Compensateverb make payment to; compensate; make amends for; pay compensation for; adjust for; do or give something to somebody in return; make reparations or amends for; make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities
  6. Subsidynoun a grant paid by a government to an enterprise that benefits the public
  7. Stigmanoun a skin lesion that is a diagnostic sign of some disease; an external tracheal aperture in a terrestrial arthropod; the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistil; a symbol of disgrace or infamy
  8. Snafuadj. snarled or stalled in complete confusion; noun an acronym often used by soldiers in World War II: situation normal all fucked up; verb cause to be in a state of complete confusion
  9. Pilferverb make off with belongings of others

Week 14

  1. Harmattannoun a dusty wind from the Sahara that blows toward the western coast of Africa during the winter
  2. Improvidentadj. not provident; not providing for the future; not given careful consideration
  3. Haggardadj. very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold; showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering; noun British writer noted for romantic adventure novels (1856-1925)
  4. Plaintiveadj. expressing sorrow
  5. Mirthnoun great merriment
  6. Clannoun group of people related by blood or marriage
  7. Oratornoun a person who delivers a speech or oration
  8. Gnashverb grind together, of teeth
  9. Capriciousadj. determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason; changeable

Week 15

  1. Hagglenoun an instance of intense argument (as in bargaining); verb wrangle (over a price, terms of an agreement, etc.)
  2. Coiffurenoun the arrangement of the hair (especially a woman’s hair); verb arrange attractively
  3. Callowadj. young and inexperienced
  4. Pestlenoun a club-shaped hand tool for grinding and mixing substances in a mortar; a heavy tool of stone or iron (usually with a flat base and a handle) that is used to grind and mix material (as grain or drugs or pigments) against a slab of stone; machine consisting of a heavy bar that moves vertically for pounding or crushing ores; verb grind, mash or pulverize in a mortar
  5. Foolhardyadj. marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
  6. Frondnoun compound leaf of a fern or palm or cycad
  7. Succulentadj. full of juice; noun a plant adapted to arid conditions and characterized by fleshy water-storing tissues that act as water reservoirs
  8. Pandemoniumnoun a state of extreme confusion and disorder
  9. Stingyadj. unwilling to spend; deficient in amount or quality or extent
  10. Harbingernoun an indication of the approach of something or someone; verb foreshadow or presage